Food vocabulary in Chinese

Chinese
Pinyin
Translation
Main dishes
米饭 mǐfàn (cooked) rice
面条 miàntiáo noodles
包子 bāozi steamed stuffed bun
饺子 jiǎozi jiaozi (Chinese dumpling)
面包 miànbāo bread
bǐng round flat cake
Meat / fish / poultry
ròu meat
猪肉 zhūròu pork
牛肉 niúròu beef
羊肉 yángròu mutton
鸡肉 jīròu chicken (as food)
鸭子 yāzi duck
fish
Hǎiyú sea fish
淡水 Dànshuǐ yú freshwater fish
鸡蛋 jīdàn egg
Vegetables and greens
蔬菜 shūcài vegetables
豆腐 dòufu bean curd, tofu
南瓜 nánguā pumpkin
西瓜 xīguā watermelon
蘑菇 mógu mushroom
双孢蘑菇 shuāngbāo mógu champignon
茄子 qiézi aubergine (British); eggplant (US)
西红柿 xīhóngshì tomato
Liquid and solid
tāng boiling water
火锅 huǒguō hotpot
Cooking methods
chǎo stir-fry, fry while stirring
jiān fry, simmer in water
Jiān yú fry fish
肉丸子 Jiān ròu wánzi fried meatball
清蒸 qīngzhēng steam in clear soup without soy sauce
kǎo bake, warm oneself up
Sharp / not sharp
spicy
used in spicy dishes
qīng used in fresh, non-spicy dishes

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