Pinyin* letters d, t, n, and l represent four more sounds pronounced similarly to sounds in English.
||electricity (as in “stay”)
||she / her (as in “tag”)
||Li (last name) (as in “clear”)
The trick to remembering the 2nd and 4th tone* is to think of them as rising (2nd) and falling (4th).
||2nd tone*: Rising Like asking “What?” in English.
||4th tone*: Falling As in “Ready, set, go!”
Very Good! 很好（hěn hǎo）
In English, we say I am good or She is happy, but in Chinese you don’t use words like am or is before adjectives*. Instead, adjectives are usually preceded by 很（hěn）. Sometimes 很 means very, but it’s more often just a way to connect a noun* and an adjective.
||Nǐ hěn gāoxìng
||You are happy
In English, we can say I am happy, too or I’m also happy, but in Chinese the word for also or too (也) always comes before the adjective*.
||Wǒ hěn gāoxìng
||I am happy
||Wǒ yě hěn gāoxìng
||I am also happy
- Pinyin – letters from the Roman alphabet used to represent Chinese sounds.
- Tone – Tone refers to the spoken quality (for example, the highness or lowness) of a syllable. In tonal languages (like Chinese), tone can change the meaning of a word.
- Adjectives (such as “red”, “funny”, “interesting”) describe people, places, or things.
- A noun is the name of something, such as a thing (“spoon”, an idea “love”, a place “Atlanta”, or a person “John”.